Native to coastal regions including Europe, North Africa and Asia, pear is a medium-sized tree. Pears are delicious, rich-flavored fruits with crunchiness of apples and juicy like peach.
It is identified by the scientific name Pyrus communis and grouped in the family of Rosaceae. There are two major types of pears such as Asian pears and European pears.
Asian types have firm consistency and crispy texture, while the European pears tend to become soft and juice when ripe. Some popular Asian varieties are Shinsui, Ichiban Nashi, Nijisseki and Shinsieki. European types include varieties like Comice ad Bartlett.
Pears are popular worldwide due to its ultimate taste and unique nutrient qualities. Pears can be consumed fresh, as a juice, canned or in dried form. They are also used in jams and jellies in combination with other fruits. They are loaded with all the essential health promoting nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, vitamins like A, C, D, E, K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, B12, choline, pantothenic acid and betaine. The rich content of minerals like iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, zinc, copper, selenium and fluoride offers pear a great medicinal value.
Medicinal Properties of Pears
– Due to high content of dietary fiber, regular consumption of pear fruit helps to prevent colon cancer. Most fiber in pear is non-soluble polysaccharide, which acts as a good natural laxative. In addition, fibers bind to toxins and chemicals responsible for cancer and prevent the contact of these substances with the mucus membrane of colon. Regular consumption of pears prevents the digestive problems like bloating and constipation. Getting good amount of fiber from pears is associated with reduced risk of breast cancer, types 2 diabetes and heart diseases.
– Due to its low calorie content, pear fruit can be a good option to lower LDL cholesterol levels and maintain healthy body weight.
– Pears are also good source of antioxidant flavonoids phytonutrients like lutein, beta-carotene and zea-xanthin. These substances along with vitamin A and C strengthen immune system, protect the body from free radicals and reduce the possibilities of recurrent bacterial and viral infections.
– Pears consist of boron, which is required to retain calcium. Therefore, daily intake of pears helps to prevent osteoporosis.
– Due to its content of quercetin, antioxidant in pears, pear fruit helps to prevent artery damage which can cause heart problems.
– Pectin present in pears acts a diuretic and mild laxative. It helps to improve kidney function and regulates bowel movements. Pears also help to prevent formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones.
– Due to its high amount of glucose and fructose, pears juice can be considered as a natural source of energy. Regular consumption of pear juice keeps you fresh and energized whole day.
– Pears are a rich source of folic acid, which is necessary to prevent neural tube defects in infants. Therefore, pears are highly recommended to consume in pregnancy.
– Due to their high levels of vitamins and minerals, pears can be used to treat acne. Drinking pears juice enhances the absorption of these nutrients into the bloodstream. Minerals in pears can help to neutralize skin acids and regulate pH balance of the skin. This is helpful to treat and prevent acne.
Regularly eat pear fruit to enjoy its mouth-watering taste and wonderful health benefits. Another plus-point of this fruit is that it is hypoallergenic. That means people with food sensitivities can eat pears without any risk of allergic reactions.